What is Autoimmune Hives?

Autoimmune hives which are also called as Autoimmune Urticaria are hives caused due to autoimmune disorders. An autoimmune disorder is the malfunctioning of the immune system which causes it to attack itself which outbreaks into one or another form of disease. In the case autoimmune hives, the body’s own immune system attacks the skin causing skin swelling, redness and itching.

The disease can occur anywhere on the surface of the skin and can be of any size. It could vary from a pin point size to several inch diameters. It could be mild or severe, sometimes even penetrating deep into the skin. When deep tissues in the skin get affected by some reaction, it causes a condition called as Angiodema which could last from a minute to an hour.

Autoimmune hives or urticaria occurs usually in people with weak immune systems. People who are already suffering from autoimmune diseases such as thyroid, lupus are more prone to get trapped by this disease. This is because, people with weak immune systems react quickly to environmental factors such as sunlight, change in temperature, pressure etc. People with sensitive skin are caught by the disease easily.

In the last decade, it has been noted that in many cases autoimmune disorders trigger chronic urticaria. In chronic urticaria antibodies get attached to the cells under the skin and cause them to release histamine and other chemicals causing swelling, rashes and itchiness. This condition can last up to 6 weeks.

Symptoms of Autoimmune Hives

  • An appearance of rash that causes itchiness.
  • Raised blanch wheals.
  • Rapid onset.
  • Distress and frustration are an outcome of the itchiness especially when the patient has to suffer with this condition for prolonged periods.
  • When conditions become slightly serious, one can notice viral fever like symptoms.
  • Angiodema occurs when the condition penetrates into deeper tissues of the skin causing it to swell.
  • The swelling can occur in any part of the body but mostly affects eyelids, lips and genitals. Sometimes the throat and tongue get affected and become swollen causing breathing difficulties. Symptoms of Angiodema generally last longer than urticaria.

Cause of Autoimmune Hives

As mentioned above, an autoimmune hive is caused due to an auto-immune disorder, where the antibodies attach itself to the surface of the skin and releases histamine and some other chemicals.

The reason for such occurrence is not known. But generally, people with weak immune systems are more prone to catching this condition.

This article gives information on what are autoimmune hives, its symptoms and causes. Please see your Doctor if you think you may have this condition.