Hives is an allergic reaction that can occur suddenly in response to an allergen. Hives are small red bumps that are called wheals or welts that appear on the skin when an allergic reaction happens. They are itchy and can cause discomfort to the patient.
Angioedema on the other hand are like hives but is larger and run deeper in the skin tissues. Angioedema is a more severe condition than hives. It causes swelling near the eyes and mouth. Sometimes swelling also occurs in the throat which could be dangerous because it can block the passage of air to the lungs.
Common triggers that cause Hives and Angioedema are listed below:
- Viral infections are one of the common triggers for Hives and Angioedema.
- Insect bites and stings
- Allergies to food, medicines, pets, cosmetics etc.
- Emotional and physical stress.
- Transfusions of blood
- A person suffering from an autoimmune disease can get Hives and Angioedema.
- Physical factors such as sunlight, hot or cold weather are other possibilites
Hives and Angioedema Treatment
In very mild cases treatment may not be required. Below are some measures a person can take to avoid Hives and Angioedema or treat it successfully.
If you know you are allergic to something that causes Hives and Angioedema then stay away from it. It may sound obvious, but temptation can ruin your day!
The most typical sources of allergy that can cause an outbreak are from food, pets, cosmetics and medicines.
If you have the symptoms of Hives and Angioedema, and it’s causing you discomfort then you can take an over the counter antihistamine that is readily available at medical stores or from your pharmacy.
Cool compresses can help reduce discomfort. Take a bath in cold water, it will help reduce discomfort.
Avoid taking hot showers.
Avoid exposure to sunlight and other physical agents that can cause Hives and Angioedema.
Wear loose fitting clothes to allow air in.
Avoid indulging in laborious activity that can cause sweating.
Try to relax and avoid stress.
You can use a nasal spray in case your nose is blocked.
If you have difficulty in breathing, you can use an inhalator such as albuterol. This will help open the airway passage.
Of course, if the condition is causing you much discomfort, head straight for your Doctor who may administer a course of corticosteroids, and in some severe cases, give you shots to control and decrease the outbreak.